Did you know that wind energy is the fastest growing source of energy in the world?
Pennsylvania has over 1,300 megawatts of wind power generation installed on 24 wind farms providing enough electricity to power nearly 350,000 Pennsylvania homes, with nearly 3,000 people employed in the wind energy field.
When air moves quickly, in the form of wind, turbine blades capture the kinetic (motion) energy. When the turbine blades capture wind energy and start moving, they spin a shaft that leads from the hub of the rotor to a generator. The generator turns that rotational energy into electricity. Wind energy is one of the cleanest forms of energy. Small wind electric systems are particularly suitable for the agricultural sector in remote locations like farms and ranches for applications such as pumping water.
Waymart Wind Energy Center (Photo: DEP)
Waymart Wind Energy Center, operational since 2003, is the largest wind generation facility in Pennsylvania, and the second largest east of the Mississippi River. The facility, comprising 43 GE 1.5 megawatt (MW) turbines with an output of 64.5MW and is located along the ridge of Moosic Mountain in Wayne County, northeast of Scranton. Waymart generates enough electricity to power 22,000 homes. Owned by FPL Energy, Waymart's energy is purchased by Exelon Generation and is used in Pennsylvania. For a list of PA Wind Energy Farms go to PA Wind Energy.
There are three major types of wind power:
- Utility-scale wind, wind turbines larger than 100 kilowatts are developed with electricity delivered to the power grid and distributed to customers by electric utilities;
- Offshore wind, which are wind turbines erected in bodies of water around the world;
- Distributed or "small" wind, which uses turbines of 100 kilowatts or smaller to directly power a home, farm or small business as it primary use.
For more information about wind, visit our Energy Data page.