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Establish Collection Program

Household Hazardous Waste Collection and Management

The Municipal Waste Planning, Recycling, and Waste Reduction Act (Act 101 - Section 1512) as amended by Act 190 of 1996 (The Small Business and Household Pollution Prevention Act of 1996), authorizes programs to collect and manage HHW, provided they are registered with DEP. Most ongoing programs collect HHW once a year at one or more drop-off sites (one-day programs). Others offer such services on an ongoing basis (permanent programs).

Establishing a HHW Collection Program

Municipalities, corporations, public utilities, trade associations and persons are authorized to sponsor collection programs for HHW and similar wastes from eligible entities. Eligible entities include households, political subdivisions, and small businesses. The sponsor must register the program, in advance, with the Department. It is generally recommended that a sponsor start planning the activity at least nine months in advance.

The wastes, once collected and accumulated from the various participating entities, must, where appropriate, be managed as hazardous wastes. Therefore, time must be allowed to obtain the services of a registered hazardous waste management firm to operate the collection event. For more information, contact the HHW staff member in your region or John Lundsted at 717-787-0120.

Costs & Funding Options: HHW Grants

Cost has been a major deterrent to program development. Wastes earmarked for incineration or disposal must be transported to out-of-state hazardous waste facilities at great expense. Sponsors use various funding mechanisms to finance HHW programs. One option for municipalities hosting municipal waste landfills or resource recovery facilities is to fund programs with the host municipality fee, required by Act 101. Chapter 13 specifies a minimum of $1 per ton of waste received, but provides latitude to negotiate with the facility for a higher fee.

Act 155 of 1994, The Household Hazardous Waste Funding Act, reimburses municipalities for 50 percent of the developmental and operational costs associated with HHW collection programs, up to a total of $100,000 per county per year. To make funding possible, Act 155 authorized the one-time transfer of $3 million to the Recycling Fund (Act 101) from the Resource Recovery Development Fund (Act 198 of 1974). Any municipality that registers a HHW collection program with DEP is eligible to apply for an Act 155 grant. Grants are to be provided on a first-registered, first-conducted basis, prioritized according to Act 101 criteria. Priority is given to existing programs and those operated by counties, multi-county groups, and first- and second-class cities.

Act 190 of 1996, (The Small Business and Household Pollution Prevention Act) will provide 80 percent grants to counties to develop and implement pollution prevention education programs for households and small businesses, even if conducted in the absence of a collection program. Previously, such education programs were not eligible for Act 155 grant funding unless they were connected with a collection program. It also expands the ability of the department to make 50 percent collection program grants to sponsors other than municipalities, including corporations and trade associations. The department is authorized to appropriate up to $2 million annually from the Act 108 Hazardous Sites Cleanup Act account and the Act 101 Recycling Fund account to carry out the bill's mandates. HHW Information Packet

The DEP has assembled all of the information and forms (including program registration and grants funding) you will need to establish and operate a household hazardous waste (HHW) Collection Program under one cover - "The HHW Information Packet." This document was revised in the June of 1999 and incorporates the new activities authorized by Act 190 of 1996. For more information, contact the HHW staff member in your region or Keith Ashley at 717-787-0120.

Small Businesses Participation

Conditionally Exempt Small Quantity Generators (CESQG's) of hazardous waste may participate in registered HHW Collection Programs, on the same basis as households. CESQG's are businesses that generate less than 100 kg (220 lbs.) of total hazardous wastes each month.